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New Panamax Bulk Carrier Advice

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发表于 2021-11-25 08:11:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The general purpose and functions of seagoing bulk carriers

There were numerous risks in operating seagoing bulk ships. Important shipboard issues require cautious planning and prudence. This site provides quick guidance to the international shipping industry and provide information about loading and discharging different bulk cargo kinds. It is important to remain within the limitations set out by the classification organization. It is important to minimize the chance of stressing ship's structures and comply with all safety guidelines to ensure the safety of sea travel. There are a wealth of information about bulk carrier topics on our detailed pages that are geared towards those working at sea and those ashore.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers come with one deck, and they have top-side tanks and the hopper tank. They can transport bulk cargo, which is a single product. Solid bulk cargo is any substance other than liquid or gas consisting of smaller pieces of material, usually well-composed, and loaded directly into ship's cargo areas. Examples of dry cargo are sugar, grains, and bulk ore. Bulk carrier, when understood in its broadest meaning can refer to any vessel specifically designed to carry bulk cargo including liquid cargo, or solid cargo. Tankers are also included. The term is used primarily for ships that transport solid bulk cargos. This includes grains as well as other agricultural products.   Click over to this bulk carrier ship url for more.

  

What Is A Bulk-Transport?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

The capacity of carrying varies from 3,000 to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers of small to medium sizes (carrying up to up to 40,000 tonnes) generally have cargo handling gear. Larger vessels are, however, equipped with shore-based facilities for loading and unloading.
Cargo hold dimensions are usually big free of obstructions. They also come with larger hatches that allow for easy loading/unloading.
The majority of bulk carriers have a ballast hold. This is used for ballast voyages to increase stability. In case of ballasting partially there are two or three additional holds could be permitted, but only at port.
-They can be covered with single pull or hydraulic, or stacking (piggyback) kind of steel hatch covers
Quatre types of ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side of wing tank
Double bottom tanks
Peak and afterwards peak ballast tank.

Bulk cargo that is solid? Solid bulk cargo is anything that is not gas or liquids composed of particles, grains, or larger pieces, and can be loaded directly into the cargo area without extra containment. Bulk carriers can transport diverse cargoes including "clean" food items and "dirty", minerals, as well as cargoes that could react one with the other or with other sources of contamination, such as water. It is essential to ensure that space is prepared for each cargo. The cargo area needs to be cleaned in a way that allows loading. Surveyors will often need examine the area to ensure that it is safe for loading. To avoid contamination, it is essential to get rid of any remnants left from previous cargo. The damage to bulk cargoes is mostly due to water. Thus, not only must the holdings be dry for cargo to be able to enter, but hatch covers should be watertight, or when necessary closed to stop the ingress of water. All fittings inside the storage areas (pipe guards and the bilge covers, etc.) need to be examined. It is essential to check the fittings within the hold (ladders and pipe guards etc.) and ensure that they are properly installed. They could cause severe damage to conveyor belts, which can cause delays. If the equipment is discharged accidentally with cargo, the ship could be held accountable. Peruse this dry bulk cargo site for more.

  

Bulk Carrier, Bulker This vessel is intended to transport dry cargo. Bulk carriers that are conventionally constructed with a single deck, single skin, double bottom, and the hopper side tank. Topside tanks in cargo spaces are also available. Bulk carriers are designed to load the maximum deadweight for any bulk cargo including heavy ore and light grain . It can be challenging to load, transport and disperse dry bulk cargo.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes are hazardous and can be altered throughout the journey. The ship could be damaged by incorrect loading e.g. A ship that is not loaded to its maximum forward can be bent by loading it too high. This can cause the ship to'stress'. This can have severe consequences for the sea's life during extreme weather conditions. Additionally, the residues of previous cargoes might be a significant threat to the future cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes are vulnerable to damage from water. cement power. It is often difficult to determine the true weights and quantities of cargoes that are being loaded or not loaded. These variables can have significant effects on how bulk cargoes are safely transported. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes are able to be conical when they are loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle created by this cone is referred to as the'angle of repose'. It is different for each cargo. Iron ore cargoes will form a steep-angled cone whereas those that move freely make a cone that is shallow. A cargo that has a low angle of repose is at risk of possibility of shifting during the passage. Certain cargoes may require bulldozers to distribute the load across the holdings. Most dry-bulk carriers need to use facilities at shore for loading cargo and discharging. But, some bulk carriers have self unloading features including conveyors under cargo holds or cranes that go up deck.
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